Japan Update: New Fukushima Documents Warrant Public Attention
by Nelle Maxey
Over the last few weeks many independent reports have been released regarding the true levels of Fukushima contamination. These have come from independent scientists, citizen groups and European agencies. However two postings yesterday are of particular importance and I wanted to bring them to the attention of the public.
Thanks to Jeff Jones for the Gunderson video and Kevin Logan for the NRC FOI releases.
1) Arnie Gunderson’s new video on Fukushima contamination.
1) Arnie Gunderson’s new video on Fukushima contamination.
Source if the hyperlink doesn’t work: http://fairewinds.com/content/scientist-marco-kaltofen-presents-data-confirming-hot-particles
Introduction to the video on the Fairwinds web site:
Washington, DC - October 31, 2011 – Today Scientist Marco Kaltofen of Worchester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) presented his analysis of radioactive isotopic releases from the Fukushima accidents at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). Mr. Kaltofen’s analysis confirms the detection of hot particles in the US and the extensive airborne and ground contamination in northern Japan due to the four nuclear power plant accidents at TEPCO’s Fukushima reactors. Fairewinds believes that this is a personal health issue in Japan and a public health issue in the United States and Canada.
Transcript of the Video:
Hi, I'm Arnie Gundersen from Fairewinds. It is October 31st, 2011. This is a video that contains scientific information that we have been wanting to share with you for a long time. Today, in Washington D.C. at 8:30 in the morning, scientist Marco Kaltofen gave a presentation to some doctors who are part of the American Public Health Association. The paper is now on our website, next to this video.
To summarize the paper, citizens, some doctors and scientists, some bloggers, some farmers, around the world provided samples to Mr. Kaltofen who analyzed them for Fukushima radiation. An example of what he found is a slide that contains air filters from cars in Japan and in the United States. Cars in the United States hardly have any radiation in their air filters. Cars in Tokyo had quite a lot, way too much. Cars in Fukushima Prefecture were incredibly radioactive.
Now I think it is important because the nuclear industry will say, well everything is radioactive and therefore we should not worry. Well, the Seattle data shows that not everything is radioactive. And it shows that the people in Japan received enormous exposures of particles into their lungs and into their digestive systems, during the course of the accident.
Another piece of information is that Fairewinds viewers were able to send in children's shoes from Japan. Mr. Kaltofen has data that clearly show that the concentration of cesium on the kid's shoelaces was astronomically high, around 80 disintegrations per second. What does that mean? Kids tie their shoes, their hands get radioactive and it goes into their G.I. tract. If it is on the ground, it is in the dust in the playground and it is in their lungs. I think that between the two, the air filters and the children's shoes, it shows that there is a severe personal health problem in Japan that will manifest itself in cancers over the next 10 or 20 years.
Now Mr. Kaltofen did not just look at Japan. He set up monitoring stations in the United States as well. Two of the three monitoring stations in the United States did show hot particles in the air in April. Since then, there have not been any hot particles. But in April, it is clear that, at the worst of the accident, hot particles were wafted across the Pacific and deposited in Seattle and in Boston at least. There is also data that indicates contamination on the ground in the Cascades, which are a mountain range right up against the Pacific Ocean.
So I think we have two problems here. In Japan, there is a personal health issue and what that means is that individuals have received enough radiation that there is going to be a statistically meaningful increase in cancers in Tokyo and especially in Fukushima Prefecture.
In the United States, it is a different story. It is a public health issue and not a personal health issue. What that means is that we will never know who is the individual who got cancer from Fukushima. But we can be sure that the radiation did reach here and that there will be an increase in cancers, especially on the West Coast where the Rocky Mountains stopped most of the radiation and deposited it on the ground.
So, this paper was given to the American Public Health Association. And here it is a public health issue. We cannot run and we cannot hide. But the radiation is up and down the West Coast and then also scattered about the rest of the United States.
In Japan, it is a different story. They need to aggressively go after the contamination that has been discovered. It is so obvious on these air filters and on children's shoes. It takes a concerted national effort, not a haphazard effort of chasing hot spots, in order to reduce the amount of radioactivity that is on the soil and in the air in Japan right now.
And the last thing the paper shows is that it is wrong to have a 10 mile evacuation planning zone. Clearly, the damage can extend out as far as Tokyo. We need to look at emergency planning and evacuations well beyond the 10 miles that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission uses here and the 12 miles that the Japanese used during the accident. You may recall that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission said that Americans needed to evacuate 50 miles from Fukushima at the peak of the accident. Well, if it is good enough for Americans living in Japan, that same criteria should be good enough for Americans living in the United States.
The data in Mr. Kaltofen's paper came from citizens. It came from farmers. It came from scientists. It came from bloggers. It was an effort by individuals and not government. I think if we had relied on the government to get us this information, we never would have gotten it. So it is an important achievement for all of us, to recognize that together, using the internet, we can all provide information for scientists to use, to come to rational decisions on public policy.
This November we are asking for your support so we can continue our scientific analysis and these educational videos. There is a donate button on the Fairewinds site and we would appreciate it if you considered a financial contribution.
Thank you very much. We will keep you informed.
Corbett’s excellent Fukushima Update http://fukushimaupdate.com/ pages.
2) The second post regarding contamination and the Fukushima accident is a fascinating series of documents posted on ENENews yesterday by staff. Source if hyperlink doesn’t work: http://enenews.com/top-25-nrcs-internal-documents-from-fukushima-made-public-by-foia-request-from-enformable-com
All of these internal NRC documents were obtained by Freedom of Information (FOI) requests from Enfomable and are available at their website. Source if the hyperlink doesn’t work: http://enformable.com/category/resources/foia/
A quick scan of these documents listed below will confirm that the public was told little of what was really happening. Reading them gives a fascinating first-hand experience of how information is controlled and disseminated (or not) to the public by the American nuclear regulator.
Top 25: NRC’s internal documents from Fukushima made public after FOIA request from Enformable.com
Listed in no particular order
1.. March 14th, 2011 – NRC ONLY Update – All 3 Reactor cores likely damaged
2.. March 15th, 2011 UPDATE: 2000 EDT Telecon on Fukushima Daiichi – Unit 4 New Fire Broken Out – Doses in Area around 30R/hr
3.. March 15th 2011 – Unit 2 Containment Probably Breached – Loud Explosion – Containment Pressure Drop – Radiation Spike – Spent Fuel Fire
4.. March 15th, 2011 – All 3 Reactors have known fuel damage – 50 Staff on site – 5 may have received fatal radiation doses
5.. March 15th, 2011 – Fukushima Daiichi Units Degrading – Zirconium Fire at Reactor 4 SFP – Reactor 2 Possible Reactor Vessel Breach & Ex-Vessel Core Reaction
6.. March 12th 2011 12:52 PM FOAI Communication – Reactor 1 Water level was known to be below top of active fuel
7.. March 11th, 2011 – BBC is reporting radiation levels at reactor are 1000x normal. I feel like crying.
8.. March 15th, 2011 – Core Exposed at #2 Fukushima Daiichi
9.. March 15th, 2011 – Responding to inaccurate information in the news media – HELP CORRECT INACCURATE AND/OR MISLEADING NEWS REPORTS
10.. March 15th, 2011 – The fire’s back in unit 4 – Unit 4 pool has a full core load in it and needs full attention – Holes in the upper structure from the earlier hydrogen explosion in unit 4
11.. March 16th, 2011- ABC News Wants confirmation that things are definitely taking a turn for the worse – Per Holly – ignoring media calls
12.. March 17th, 2011 – RadNet isn’t all it’s cracked up to be. We should be careful
13.. March 17th, 2011 – This is a marathon, not a sprint – Take time to go outside and enjoy the spring
14.. March 18th, 2011 – There’s Got to be a ton of loose materials floating in the SFP – I would not be surprised if the top 10 feet or so of the sfp was sloshed out
15.. March 16th, 2011 – Assessing SFP Damage – SOARCA – Uncovered Spent Fuel Reports – Leak at Unit 4 SFP
16.. April 2nd, 2011 – Estimated 10-30%/daily drywell turnover leakage from failed penetrations – Please delete after reading
17.. March 30, 2011 – Reactor 2 Core Melted Through Containment Vessel – Workers “Lost the race” to save one of the reactors
18.. April 6th, 2011 – Japan just said there was a zirc fire in Unit 4 SFP. Did we know this? – Depends what is meant by “know.”
19.. March 20th, 2011 – The band of elevated dose rates up to 18 mi from plant to the northwest seems to coincide with “Lube Oil Fire” in Reactor 4 SFP
20.. March 14th, 2011 – Indications of Breach of Containment at Reactor 2
21.. March 12th, 2011 – To me it looked like a containment building disappearing in an explosive cloud. WTF.
22.. March 11th, 2011 – Fukushima Daiichi fuel could have been broken because iodine concentration in air began to be increased at the site boundary
23.. March 14th, 2011 – NRC Asked About Extra Security In Case of Mass Demonstrations at Meetings
24.. March 24th, 2011 – California Coastal Commission – Preliminary Report on Implications for Coastal California
25.. March 12th 2011 – Core Damage at Unit 1 Prior to Explosion